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Auth y Roles de Usuario: Admin y Cliente | Curso App para Pizzerías

Implementación de Roles de Usuario con el Paquete Spatie Permission para asignar las tareas de cada usuario en la Tabla User

Lección 3: Auth y Roles de Usuario: Admin y Cliente

Implementación de Roles de Usuario con el Paquete Spatie Permission para asignar las tareas de cada usuario en la Tabla User

Modelo, Migración, controlador y vistas para gestionar la tabla categorías donde asignaremos dos: Pizzas y Bebidas.

Intalacion de Spatie Permission ejecutar Artisan

 composer require spatie/laravel-permission

 

config/app.php

'providers' => [
    // ...
    Spatie\Permission\PermissionServiceProvider::class,
];

 

Ejecutar artisan

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Spatie\Permission\PermissionServiceProvider"

 

en  kernel.php

protected $routeMiddleware = [
        ....
        'verified' => \Illuminate\Auth\Middleware\EnsureEmailIsVerified::class,
        'role' => \Spatie\Permission\Middlewares\RoleMiddleware::class,
    ];

 

 

Modelo User

<?php

namespace App\Models;

// use Illuminate\Contracts\Auth\MustVerifyEmail;
use Laravel\Sanctum\HasApiTokens;
use Spatie\Permission\Traits\HasRoles;
use Illuminate\Notifications\Notifiable;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\User as Authenticatable;

class User extends Authenticatable
{
    use HasApiTokens, HasFactory, Notifiable,HasRoles;

    /**
     * The attributes that are mass assignable.
     *
     * @var array<int, string>
     */
    protected $fillable = [
        'name',
        'email',
        'celular',
        'direccion',
        'password',
    ];

    /**
     * The attributes that should be hidden for serialization.
     *
     * @var array<int, string>
     */
    protected $hidden = [
        'password',
        'remember_token',
    ];

    /**
     * The attributes that should be cast.
     *
     * @var array<string, string>
     */
    protected $casts = [
        'email_verified_at' => 'datetime',
    ];
}



 

LoginController

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers\Auth;

use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;
use App\Providers\RouteServiceProvider;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\AuthenticatesUsers;

class LoginController extends Controller
{
    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Login Controller
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | This controller handles authenticating users for the application and
    | redirecting them to your home screen. The controller uses a trait
    | to conveniently provide its functionality to your applications.
    |
    */

    use AuthenticatesUsers;

    /**
     * Where to redirect users after login.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $redirectTo = RouteServiceProvider::HOME;

    /**
     * Create a new controller instance.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function __construct()
    {
        $this->middleware('guest')->except('logout');
    }

    public function redirectPath(){
        if(auth()->user()->hasRole("admin")){
            return "admin/categoria";
        }
        return "/";
    }
}

 

RegisterController

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers\Auth;

use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;
use App\Providers\RouteServiceProvider;
use App\Models\User;
use Spatie\Permission\Models\Role;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\RegistersUsers;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Hash;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Validator;

class RegisterController extends Controller
{
    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Register Controller
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | This controller handles the registration of new users as well as their
    | validation and creation. By default this controller uses a trait to
    | provide this functionality without requiring any additional code.
    |
    */

    use RegistersUsers;

    /**
     * Where to redirect users after registration.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $redirectTo = RouteServiceProvider::HOME;

    /**
     * Create a new controller instance.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function __construct()
    {
        $this->middleware('guest');
    }

    /**
     * Get a validator for an incoming registration request.
     *
     * @param  array  $data
     * @return \Illuminate\Contracts\Validation\Validator
     */
    protected function validator(array $data)
    {
        return Validator::make($data, [
            'name' => ['required', 'string', 'max:255'],
            'email' => ['required', 'string', 'email', 'max:255', 'unique:users'],
            'password' => ['required', 'string', 'min:8', 'confirmed'],
        ]);
    }

    /**
     * Create a new user instance after a valid registration.
     *
     * @param  array  $data
     * @return \App\Models\User
     */
    protected function create(array $data)
    {
        $user   =  User::create([
            'name' => $data['name'],
            'email' => $data['email'],
            'celular' => $data['celular'],
            'direccion' => $data['direccion'],
            'password' => Hash::make($data['password']),
        ]);
        $user->assignRole("cliente");
        return $user;
    }
    protected function redirectTo(){
        if(auth()->user()->hasRole("admin")){
            return "/admin/categoria";
        }
        return "/";
    }
}

web.php

<?php

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
/*
use Spatie\Permission\Models\Role;
$role = Role::create(['name' => 'admin']);
$role = Role::create(['name' => 'cliente']);
*/

Route::get('/', function () {    return view('welcome');});
Auth::routes();
Route::get('/home', [App\Http\Controllers\HomeController::class, 'index'])->name('home');



Route::group(['prefix' => 'admin', 	'middleware' => ['auth','role:admin']], function() {
    // rutas para el administrador
});

Route::group(['prefix' => 'cliente', 	'middleware' => ['auth','role:cliente']], function() {
    // rutas exclusivas para el cliente
});

 


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